On February 11, 1958, the fifth plenary session of the NPC
national of the People's Republic of China of the first
legislature adopted "the phonetic transcription of the Chinese
language project (1).
By this action the Assembly made
official the Chinese phonetic alphabet based on the latin
alphabet developed by the Committee on reform of the Chinese
written language. Thus it became possible to use a Chinese
standard for phonetically write the Chinese characters of the
common language, Putonghua or language of the Han.
standard was subsequently recognized in 1982 as spelling of
Chinese language standard by the International Organization for
The phonetic alphabet proves to be
an indispensable tool for foreigners who want to learn Chinese.
But it is necessarily used by children from elementary schools
in China to learn Chinese characters. It is found now in most
editions of the Chinese dictionaries, mainly those intended for
1. English : Scheme for the Chinese Phonetic
Chinese: 汉语拼音方案 Hànyǔ Pīnyīn Fāng'àn