The Xiangqi or Chinese
Chess game appeared in China about 3500 years ago. The Chinese
character "xiang" means elephant and "qi" means chess, from where
the name Elephant Chess. In order to explain this name, one of the
well known hypotheses recalls that the first emperor Huang Di used a
herd of elephants in its army. During the centuries many references
to the Xiangqi are registered in the Chinese literature starting
several centuries before Christ until our days.